Common Cotton Diseases and Solutions

Cotton diseases can significantly impact yield and quality. Identifying and managing these diseases is crucial for healthy, productive cotton crops.

Bacterial Blight:

Causes water-soaked lesions on leaves and bolls, leading to defoliation and reduced yield.

Common Cotton Diseases:

Fusarium Wilt:

Soil-borne fungus causing wilting, yellowing leaves, and plant death.

Verticillium Wilt:

Another wilt disease causing similar symptoms, often triggered by cool temperatures.

Boll Rot:

Fungal infection causing rot in bolls, reducing fiber quality.


Fungus causing dark lesions on bolls, stems, and leaves, leading to plant decay.

Management Strategies:

Crop Rotation: Avoid planting cotton in the same field consecutively to reduce soil-borne pathogens.

Resistant Varieties: Use disease-resistant cotton varieties to minimize susceptibility.

Sanitation: Remove and destroy infected plant debris to prevent the spread of pathogens.

Proper Irrigation: Avoid overwatering and ensure proper drainage to reduce fungal infections.

Fungicides: Use fungicides judiciously, following guidelines to manage severe outbreaks.

Understanding and managing cotton diseases is essential for maintaining healthy crops and maximizing yield. Implementing effective strategies ensures robust, disease-free cotton plants.


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