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Weed Management In Tomato Crop During Vegetative Stage

Weeds can pose a significant threat to the growth and health of your tomato plants. Competing for sunlight, nutrients, and water, these invasive plants can hinder the development of tomatoes, leading to poor growth or even failure. This article aims to explore common weed types that affect tomato plants during seedling stage and provide recommendations for effective weed management. Additionally, we will discuss the use of manual weeders and herbicides as practical solutions, emphasizing the importance of careful application to protect your tomato plants. 

Types of Weeds

To effectively manage weeds in your tomato farm, it is crucial to understand the different types commonly encountered. Weeds can be categorized into three main groups: 

  • Broad-leaved weeds 
  • Grassy weeds and  
  • Sedges 

Broad-leaved weeds: These weeds typically have smaller and wider leaves compared to other types. These plants compete directly with tomato plants for essential resources. 

Grassy weeds: As the name suggests, grassy weeds have longer and narrower leaves resembling grasses. 

Sedges: Sedges are similar to grasses, but they are distinguished by their cylindrical, triangle-shaped stems and three leaves.  

Methods of Weed Removal

To mitigate the adverse effects of weeds on your tomato plants, effective weed removal methods can be employed. The two common approaches are manual weeders and herbicides. 

Manual weeders

Manual weeders are hand tools specifically designed for uprooting weeds from the ground. This method is suitable for those who prefer not to use herbicides or have limited access to them. Manual weeders are also favored in organic farming practices. 


Herbicides are chemical compounds designed to eliminate weeds. They can be categorized into two types based on their application. 

  • Pre-emergence herbicides: Pre-emergence herbicides are weed killers that are applied to the soil before the weeds start growing. They create a protective barrier on the soil surface, preventing weed emergence.  
  • Post-emergence herbicides: Post-emergence herbicides are applied directly to the weeds after they have emerged from the soil. They target and kill the existing weed growth.  

Recommended Herbicides for Weed Control

Tata Metri Herbicide

  • Technical Content – Metribuzin 70% WP 
  • It is both pre-emergence and post-emergence herbicide that can be used to get rid of grasses and most broad-leaved weeds. 
  • Dosage: 0.5 to 0.6 gm/liter of water.  

Agil Herbicide

  • Technical Content – Propaquizafop 10% EC 
  • It is a post-emergence herbicide, which can be used for the control of a wide range of annual and perennial grasses. 
  • Dosage: 2 ml/liter of water or 40 ml/acre. 

Sempra Herbicide

  • Technical Content – Halosulfuron Methy 75% WG 
  • It is a post-emergence herbicide that can be used to control sedges. 
  • Dosage: 0.18 gm/liter of water. 

Goal Herbicide

  • Technical Content: Oxyfluorfen 23.5% EC 
  • It is a both pre-emergence and post-emergence herbicide, which can be used to control annual broad-leaved weeds and some grasses. 
  • Dosage: 1 ml/lit of water or 200 ml/acre. 

Note: While herbicides are valuable weed management tools, cautious application is vital to protect your tomato plants. Always follow the instructions to ensure the safe and effective use of herbicides. Incorrect usage can harm your tomato plants and compromise their overall health. 


Identifying weed types and employing appropriate removal methods are essential for maintaining healthy tomato plants. Remember to select herbicides that align with your specific weed types and follow instructions for the safety and success of your tomato farm. With the proper weed management, you can create optimal conditions for your tomato plants to thrive and yield bumper harvest. 

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