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Ensuring Food Security: New Wheat Stock Limits for Farmers in India

Farmers, the unsung heroes of our land, toil tirelessly under the sun to cultivate the very foundation of our meals – wheat. Yet, the delicate balance of our food security often hangs in the balance, threatened by price fluctuations, hoarding, and unscrupulous speculation. In a bid to safeguard food security, combat hoarding, and curb speculative practices, the Government of India has introduced crucial amendments to stock limits on wheat. These changes, outlined in the Removal of Licensing Requirements, Stock Limits, and Movement Restrictions on Specified Foodstuffs (Amendment) Order, 2023, are set to significantly impact farmers, traders, and consumers alike. With the aim of stabilizing wheat prices and ensuring an adequate supply, these modifications come as a welcome relief in the agricultural landscape.


To address the rising wheat prices and promote fair trade practices, the Central Government has embarked on a mission to revise the wheat stock limits for various stakeholders. These limits, applicable to traders, wholesalers, big chain retailers, and processors across all States and Union Territories, are designed to foster transparency, prevent artificial scarcity, and stabilize prices. The central aim is to ensure that the golden grains that sustain our nation’s appetite remain both abundant and affordable.

The Removal of Licensing Requirements, Stock Limits, and Movement Restrictions on Specified Foodstuffs (Amendment) Order, 2023, issued on June 12, 2023, has been made applicable to all states and union territories in India. These amendments are set to be in force until March 31, 2024. The primary focus of these changes is to address the increasing trend in wheat prices and ensure that there is no artificial scarcity of this essential commodity in the country.

Key Points

  1. Revised Stock Limits: To mitigate the rising wheat prices, the Central Government has reduced the wheat stock limits for specific entities. The new stock limits are as follows:
    • Traders/Wholesalers: The wheat stock limit for traders and wholesalers has been reduced from 3000 MT to 2000 MT.
    • Big Chain Retailers: Big chain retailers can now hold up to 10 MT of wheat at each outlet and up to 2000 MT at all their depots.
  1. Registration Requirement: All entities involved in wheat stocking are now obligated to register on the wheat stock limit portal, which can be accessed at (https://evegoils.nic.in/wsp/login). This portal is a critical tool for monitoring and enforcing the new stock limits.
  2. Weekly Stock Updates: Registered wheat stocking entities must regularly update their stock positions on the portal every Friday. This ensures transparency and accountability in wheat stocking practices.
  3. Legal Consequences: Entities that fail to register on the portal or violate the new stock limits will face punitive actions under Section 6 & 7 of the Essential Commodities Act, 1955. These measures are designed to discourage hoarding and speculative activities.
  4. Stock Correction Period: In cases where entities exceed the prescribed stock limits, they are required to reduce their stocks to the specified limits within 30 days of the notification. This provision ensures that the new limits are adhered to promptly.
  5. Government Oversight: Both Central and State Governments will actively monitor and enforce these stock limits to prevent any artificial scarcity of wheat in the country. This oversight aims to maintain fair pricing and ensure the availability of wheat for consumers.
  6. Food Security: The Department of Food and Public Distribution is playing a crucial role in overseeing wheat stocks to control prices and maintain an adequate supply. This measure underscores the government’s commitment to food security and affordability for all citizens.

In essence, these measures strike a delicate balance between the interests of farmers and consumers. They seek to shield the farming community from unfair market practices while ensuring that every Indian household can afford the staple that sustains them – wheat.


The recent amendments to wheat stock limits in India mark a significant step in safeguarding food security and ensuring that wheat remains accessible and affordable for consumers. These changes, aimed at countering escalating wheat prices and preventing hoarding, carry legal consequences for non-compliance. Farmers, traders, and consumers can rest assured that the government is actively monitoring and enforcing these limits to maintain a stable wheat market. By revising stock limits and introducing mandatory registration and reporting, the government is taking proactive measures to protect the interests of all stakeholders in the agricultural sector. This initiative reflects the government’s dedication to achieving a balance between fair pricing and food security for the nation.

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