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Revitalizing Agriculture: Open Market Sale Scheme (Domestic) [OMSS(D)] and the Quest for Balanced Markets

In a remarkable stride towards ensuring food security and controlling inflation, the Government of India is taking proactive measures through the Food Corporation of India (FCI). Recognizing the pivotal role that farmers play in the nation’s progress, the government has unveiled an innovative approach to stabilize prices while bolstering agricultural prosperity. OMSS(D), is set to revolutionize the market dynamics by offloading substantial wheat and rice stocks through E-auctions, creating a win-win scenario for both farmers and consumers.


The OMSS(D) initiative is strategically designed to strike a harmonious balance between agricultural sustainability and consumer affordability. By releasing 50 LMT (Lakh Metric Tons) of wheat and 25 LMT of rice into the open market, the government is proactively addressing market demand while curbing inflationary pressures. Underpinned by a transparent E-auction mechanism, the initiative ensures fair participation from private entities, fostering healthy competition that benefits the entire nation. Notably, this move is projected to result in a significant reduction in market prices, enhancing the accessibility of these essential grains to all citizens.

Key Points

  1. Reserve Price Reduction: Drawing from insightful experiences of previous rice e-auctions, the government has slashed the reserve price by Rs 200/qtl. This strategic step aims to make wheat and rice more economically viable for consumers while fostering increased market participation. The new effective price of Rs 2900/Qtl enhances affordability, ushering in a new era of accessibility.
  2. Price Stabilization Fund: The cost of reducing the reserve price is thoughtfully borne from the Price Stabilization Fund, managed by the Department of Consumer Affairs. This ensures that the economic burden is managed seamlessly, allowing the benefits to cascade to both farmers and consumers without compromising stability.
  3. Curbing Inflation: In a dynamic market landscape, the government’s decision to offload wheat and rice stocks aligns seamlessly with its commitment to curbing food inflation. By augmenting supply during lean seasons and deficit regions, this approach actively moderates market prices, providing a stable environment for both producers and consumers.
  4. Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojna (PM-GKAY): Even as the OMSS(D) takes center stage, the government remains steadfast in its dedication to the welfare of its citizens. The provision of foodgrains to National Food Security Act (NFSA) beneficiaries remains unshaken, ensuring their entitlements are met without charge. This pledge, initiated on January 1, 2023, underscores the government’s commitment to social welfare.
  5. Fostering Agricultural Prosperity: The phased offloading of wheat and rice stocks serves multifaceted objectives. It enables the efficient disposal of excess foodgrains, diminishing carrying costs and optimizing resources. Moreover, this strategic approach enhances food supply during lean periods, thus fostering stability and bolstering agricultural resilience.
  6. A Vision Realized in 2023: As the calendar year unfolds, the Government of India’s resolute commitment to the OMSS(D) initiative remains steadfast. The phased release of wheat and rice stocks reflects a comprehensive approach to maintaining market equilibrium while safeguarding the interests of both farmers and consumers. By aligning with the strategic reserve prices determined by the government, FCI is set to orchestrate a symphony of stability, affording the nation’s population access to affordable foodgrains.


The OMSS(D) is a resounding testament to the government’s unwavering dedication to fostering a thriving agricultural ecosystem while ensuring affordable food for every citizen. By reducing reserve prices, tapping into the Price Stabilization Fund, and maintaining a delicate balance between supply and demand, this visionary initiative has the potential to revolutionize the market, making quality food accessible to all, while empowering our farmers to thrive.

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