India is the world’s second-largest tea producer. India’s climate and conditions are some of the finest to grow tea. In the year 2020-21 India produced 27 million tons of tea. India is also the world’s third-largest tea consumer.
India is the second largest sugarcane producer after Brazil. In 2021, the state of Uttar Pradesh alone produced about 177 million tonnes. Sugarcane is a versatile crop that can be used for various things like sugar, molasses and even paper.
India in the year 2021 alone exported 263,075.67 metric tons of grapes to the world for the worth of Rs. 2,302.16 crores. India’s major export destinations are the Netherlands, Bangladesh, Russia, the U.K., United Arab Emirates and Germany.
India is the second largest onion producer. Indian onions are famous for having their pungency all year around. Due to this fact there is a lot of demand for Indian Onions. India has exported 1,537,496.89 MT of fresh onion to the world for the worth Rs. 3,432.14 crores during the year 2021-22.
India in the year 2021-2022 alone produced 3.69 lakh tonnes of coffee. The world’s largest coffee producers are Brazil, Vietnam, Columbia, Indonesia and Ethiopia. India ranks as the world’s seventh-largest coffee producer. In India, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu are the largest producers of coffee.
India is one of the biggest flower producers. In the year 2021-22 alone India exported 23,597.17MT of floriculture products to the world for the worth of Rs. 771.41Crores. In the same year, the country produces 2.1 million tons of loose flowers and 0.8 million tons of cut flowers.
Watermelon belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family. In the past century alone, watermelons have been systematically cultivated to have more red and juicy inside than the white rind. India in the year 2020 – 2021 alone produced approximately 31 million tons of watermelon.
Wheat is cultivated majorly in the Northern parts of India such as Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar and Gujarat. In the year 2021 – 22 alone there was 7,239,366.80 MT of wheat exported out of the country amounting to 15,840.31 crores INR. Wheat is a rabi crop that is grown mainly in the clay loamy soil. Wheat is a dry crop, therefore good aeration is necessary.
Cardamom is known as the queen of spices. Cardamom originated in India, in the Western Ghats. Cardamom is one of the most highly-priced spices in the world. India is the second largest producer of cardamom, following Guatemala. India exports 15,000 tons of cardamom. In India cardamom is produced in Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.
There are three kinds of mustard: brown, black and white. The most popular one is the black mustard. There has been a production of 109.50 lakh tonnes of mustard in the year 2020-2021 in India. Rajasthan is India’s largest mustard producer. The top five mustard producers are Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Gujarat and West Bengal.