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Grains of Change: India’s Wheat Stock Limit Overhaul

In an effort to safeguard the nation’s food security and combat unscrupulous practices, the Government of India has implemented a critical measure: stock limits on wheat. These measures aim to prevent hoarding and price manipulation by traders, wholesalers, retailers, and processors. The recent Removal of Licensing Requirements, Stock Limits, and Movement Restrictions on Specified Foodstuffs (Amendment) Order, 2023, issued on June 12, 2023, sets the stage for a more secure and transparent food distribution system. This order is applicable to all states and union territories and is in effect until March 31, 2024.


Wheat, being a staple food in India, plays a pivotal role in the nation’s food security. Ensuring an adequate and affordable supply of wheat is essential to meet the dietary needs of millions. However, fluctuating wheat prices and the possibility of hoarding have prompted the government to take proactive measures. The central government has, therefore, revised the stock limits for key stakeholders in the wheat supply chain to address rising prices.

Let’s delve into the specifics of these changes:

This initiative aligns with the larger goal of maintaining food security, which is crucial for the well-being of the nation. The removal of licensing requirements and the imposition of stock limits reflect the government’s commitment to balancing the interests of farmers, traders, and consumers while upholding fair and ethical trade practices.As stakeholders in the agricultural sector, it’s imperative for farmers to stay informed about these regulatory changes. By doing so, you can contribute to the overall stability of the food supply chain and ensure that the hard work you put into growing wheat benefits both you and the broader Indian population.

Key Points

  1. Revised Stock Limits: Traders/Wholesalers are now permitted to stock up to 2000 MT of wheat. Big Chain Retailers can maintain 10 MT of wheat at each outlet and 2000 MT at all their depots. Other categories maintain the existing stock limits.
  2. Mandatory Registration: All entities involved in wheat stocking must register on the dedicated wheat stock limit portal: [https://evegoils.nic.in/wsp/login](https://evegoils.nic.in/wsp/login).
  3. Regular Stock Updates: Registered entities are required to update their wheat stock positions every Friday on the portal.
  4. Legal Consequences for Non-Compliance: Entities failing to register on the portal or violating the stock limits will face punitive action under Section 6 & 7 of the Essential Commodities Act, 1955.
  5. Grace Period for Excessive Stock: Entities currently holding wheat stocks above the prescribed limit have 30 days from the notification issue date to bring their stocks within the specified limits.
  6. Stringent Monitoring: Both Central and State Government officials will closely monitor the enforcement of these stock limits to prevent artificial scarcity and price manipulation.
  7. Role of the Department of Food and Public Distribution: The Department of Food and Public Distribution is actively overseeing the wheat stock situation. Their aim is to control prices and ensure that an ample supply of wheat remains readily available throughout the country.

In the face of escalating wheat prices and the potential for unscrupulous practices, these measures serve as a proactive response by the Indian government. By revising stock limits and enforcing stringent regulations, the government is taking concrete steps to ensure wheat remains affordable and accessible to all citizens.


India’s proactive measures to revise wheat stock limits signify a commitment to food security and fair pricing. These regulations, aimed at preventing hoarding and price manipulation, are pivotal in ensuring that the nation’s staple grain remains affordable and accessible to all. Farmers, traders, and retailers must embrace these changes as a collective effort to uphold ethical trade practices. By doing so, we fortify the foundation of a stable food supply chain, guaranteeing the sustenance of millions of citizens. Together, we stand as stewards of India’s food security, reinforcing the belief that nourishing the nation begins with responsible and equitable practices in wheat trade.

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